publication in occupational illness in gold miners

Occupational Respiratory Diseases of Miners from Two …

2016-12-22 · Objective: This study investigated respiratory disorders among gold miners in Ghana, a sub-Saharan African country. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional exploratory design that employed quantitative methods was conducted …

Counting the Cost: Gold mining and Occupational …

Gold mining has been central to the success of South Africa''s economy. That labour intensive industry has relied heavily on migrant workers for its profitability. In the past decade, scientists in Johannesburg and Cape Town have identified a pandemic of the serious occupational disease silicosis among gold miners.

Occupational lung diseases and the mining industry in ...

2007-4-15 · @article{osti_20939579, title = {Occupational lung diseases and the mining industry in Mongolia}, author = {Lkhasuren, O and Takahashi, K and Dash-Onolt, L}, abstractNote = {Mining production has accounted for around 50% of the gross industrial product in Mongolia since 1998. Dust-induced chronic bronchitis and pneumoconiosis currently account for the …

Tuberculosis and silica exposure in South African gold …

Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is currently epidemic on South African goldmines, being associated with both silicosis and HIV infection. 1 These latter conditions are themselves running at high prevalences in the gold mines. PTB incidence rates among gold miners are very high at 3000/100 000, 2 when compared with PTB incidence rates among coal and platinum miners, and that of …

Hazards identified and the need ...

2015-11-26 · The prevalence of occupational diseases have been persistently high among miners. 10,16 A study on the prevalence of silicosis among black migrant contract workers on a South African goldmine indicated prevalence levels of 18.3–19.9%. 17 The prevalence of CWP has been determined to be 7.3%. 12 At the same time, the prevalence of tuberculosis ...

Occupational Respiratory Diseases of Miners from Two …

Occupational Respiratory Diseases of Miners from Two Gold Mines in Ghana Esther Ayaaba, Yan Li, Jiali Yuan and Chunhui Ni * Department of Occupational Medicine …

Three decades of silicosis: disease trends at autopsy in ...

Objectives: We describe trends in silicosis among South African gold miners who had had an autopsy between 1975 and 2007 and quantify the contributions of age at autopsy and employment duration to these trends. Methods: South African miners and ex-miners are eligible for autopsy examination for occupational lung disease, regardless of the ...

Occupational lung diseases among former goldminers in …

Corpus ID: 37579904. Occupational lung diseases among former goldminers in two labour sending areas. @article{White2001OccupationalLD, title={Occupational lung diseases among former goldminers in two labour sending areas.}, author={N. White and T. W. Steen and A. Trapido and J. C. Davies and N. Mabongo and N. Monare and N. Mqoqi and B. Williams}, …

Occupational Disease in Mines | Ministry of Labour

2016-1-28 · Overview. Occupational disease continues to be a leading cause of illness and death to workers in the mining industry. Between 2011 and 2015, there were 106 occupational disease fatalities in Ontario''s mining sector, based on Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB) data.Employers must ensure measure and controls are in place to protect workers from …

Artisanal and small-scale gold mining and health

2021-9-7 · on artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) for their livelihoods. This wealth, however, can come at a price. ASGM has many associated environmental and occupational health issues, particularly when practiced informally or with limited technical and material resources. The health and well-being of miners, their family members as well as nearby

Occupational Health | View Article

There has been an upward trend in the rate of silicosis in black gold miners from the year 1975; this trend has been more striking since 2000 (Figure 3). In black miners, 83.3% of silicosis was noted in the 30 to 59-year age group, while 88.4% of silicosis in white miners was seen after 60 years of age. Emphysema

Health Risks of Gold Miners: A Synoptic Review | …

Health problems of gold miners who worked underground include decreased life expectancy; increased frequency of cancer of the trachea, bronchus, lung, stomach, and liver; increased frequency of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB), silicosis, and pleural diseases; increased frequency of insect-borne diseases, such as malaria and dengue fever; noise-induced hearing loss; …

Effectiveness of tuberculosis preventive therapy in gold ...

1. Lancet Respir Med. 2014 Mar;2(3):181. Effectiveness of tuberculosis preventive therapy in gold miners. Yaqub F. PMID: 24745052 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Worker Health Study Summaries

Gold Miners (Silica Exposure) (1) 1991. Study Background. NIOSH studied gold miners silica dust exposure and the risk of kidney disease. NIOSH''s first study was of gold miners who worked underground for at least one year between 1940-1965. The study examined deaths due to lung cancer, kidney disease, tuberculosis, and diseases of the immune ...

(PDF) Occupational lung disease in the South African ...

South African miners face an epidemic of occupational lung diseases. Despite a plethora of research on the mining industry, and the gold mining industry in …

Occupational Respiratory Diseases of Miners from Two …

2017-3-22 · Occupational exposure has been reported among gold miners (47.55%) in a study conducted in Obuasi, Ghana [32]. Nurses, poultry workers, …

Mercury exposure and malaria prevalence among gold …

Mercury is an immunotoxic metal used in the amalgamation of gold, resulting in both occupational exposures and environmental pollution. A cross-sectional medical survey was conducted in 1997 on 135 garimpeiros in Para, Brazil, because of their risks of …

Publication Types:

2015-12-18 · 1. BMC Public Health. 2015 Dec 18;15:1258. doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-2566-8. Trends in silicosis prevalence and the healthy worker effect among gold miners in South Africa: a prevalence study with follow up of employment status.

Occupational health and safety in mining: Predictive ...

2021-9-30 · Ayaaba E, Li Y, Yuan J, Ni C. Occupational respiratory diseases of miners from two gold mines in Ghana. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2017 Mar;14(3):337. pmid:28327542 . View Article PubMed/NCBI Google Scholar 7.

Mining is bad for health: a voyage of discovery | SpringerLink

2019-7-9 · Mining continues to be a dangerous activity, whether large-scale industrial mining or small-scale artisanal mining. Not only are there accidents, but exposure to dust and toxins, along with stress from the working environment or managerial pressures, give rise to a range of diseases that affect miners. I look at mining and health from various personal perspectives: …

O32-6 Elongate mineral particles in iron and gold mines ...

2021-12-13 · Background Recent studies in Minnesota showed an increased risk of mesothelioma among iron miners, and a significant dose-response relationship with cumulative exposure to elongate mineral particles (EMPs). This prompted us to assess the state of knowledge on potential contribution of EMPs in the aetiology of occupational lung diseases in iron and gold …

Trends in silicosis prevalence and the healthy worker ...

This study found, a) there was no significant decline in overall silicosis prevalence among working black miners in the South African gold mining industry between 1984 and 2004-2009, and b) a possible decline at one mine shaft more recently. In the absence of evidence of declining respirable silica …

INTRODUCTION TO OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH

Worker Health Study Summaries - Gold Miners, Silica ...

(PDF) Prevalence of occupational lung disease among ...

To determine whether previous health experiences affect the prevalence of occupational lung disease in a semirural Botswanan community where there is a long history of labour recruitment to South ...

Mining Industry – National Institute for Occupational Health

The National Health Laboratory Service''s (NHLS) Institute for Occupational Health (NIOH), is recognised internationally for excellence in research, services and training to support occupational health services not only in South Africa but also in Southern Africa through its extensive outreach activities and collaborations.

Ntombizodwa NDLOVU | National Health Laboratory …

2021-12-31 · However, occupational lung diseases (OLDs) in gold miners have not been studied. Aims: To compare autopsy-diagnosed pulmonary silicosis, lymph gland silicosis (a precursor of pulmonary ...

Occupational respiratory diseases in the South African ...

2021-9-9 · Occupational respiratory diseases in the South African mining industry Gill Nelson* ... The aims of this thesis were to describe silicosis trends in gold miners over three decades, and to ... This paper is a synthesis of three publications that emanated from the thesis, and it …

Common Health Risks in Mining Industry

2020-12-2 · The following are some of the common health risks to watch out for in the mining industry. Coal dust. Dust inhalation or coal dust is one of the most common concern for miners. Mining companies need to develop a dust control plan, and supervisors should ensure that dust control system are working properly for every production shift. Mine ...

(PDF) Occupational lung diseases among former …

Occupational lung diseases among former goldminers in two labour sending areas July 2001 South African medical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir …